It is law in all US states that
children be properly immunized before attending school.
However, in addition to medical exemptions offered in
each state, 48 states allow for religious exemptions and
allow personal belief exemptions for daycare and school.
McCarthy v Boozman,
2002 Ruling by Arkansas District Court that
religious exemptions are unconstitutional.
Letter to Fay Boozman suggesting that it
should not be easier to obtain philosophical
exemption than comply with vaccination by Daniel
Salmon, Neal Halsey, Andrew Siegel, and Eugene
- 40 KB)
Mandatory Immunization Laws and the Role of Medical,
Religious and Philosophical Exemptions,
Daniel A. Salmon [October 2003]
School Immunization Exemption Law Developed for Arkansas
- these draft exemptions are proposed by the Institute
for Vaccine Safety, the Johns Hopkins Center for Law and
the Public's Health, and the Arkansas Medical Society.
Exemptions by State
(updated July 25, 2012):
: All states but
Mississippi and West Virginia
California, Colorado, Idaho, Louisiana,
Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North
Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas,
Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin
Personal belief exemptions include religious,
philosophical and any other unspecified non-medical
Click on the state
abbreviation below the map to link to exemption information for that state.
Click on state abbreviation below for
more exemption information