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VACCINE EXEMPTIONS

 

It is law in all US states that children be properly immunized before attending school.  However, in addition to medical exemptions offered in each state, 48 states allow for religious exemptions and 18 states allow personal belief exemptions for daycare and school.

  • Mandatory Immunization Laws and the Role of Medical, Religious and Philosophical Exemptions, Daniel A. Salmon [October 2003] (pdf - 32KB)
  • McCarthy v Boozman, 2002 Ruling by Arkansas District Court that religious exemptions are unconstitutional.
  • Letter to Fay Boozman suggesting that it should not be easier to obtain philosophical exemption than comply with vaccination by Daniel Salmon, Neal Halsey, Andrew Siegel, and Eugene Gangarosa. (pdf - 40 KB)

Model School Immunization Exemption Law Developed for Arkansas - these draft exemptions are proposed by the Institute for Vaccine Safety, the Johns Hopkins Center for Law and the Public's Health, and the Arkansas Medical Society.

Exemptions by State (updated July 25, 2012):

 religious exemptions :  All states but Mississippi and West Virginia

 personal belief exemptions a:  Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Idaho, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri (only applies applies only to daycare, preschool and nursery school), North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin

a Personal belief exemptions include religious,philosophical and any other unspecified non-medical exemption

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Click on the state abbreviation below the map to link to exemption information for that state. (updated 7/25/12)

Click on state abbreviation below for more exemption information

AL | AK | AZ | AR | CA | CO | CT | DE | DC | FL | GA | HI | ID | IL | IN | IA | KS | KY | LA | ME | MD | MA | MI | MN | MS | MO| MT | NE | NV | NH | NJ | NM | NY | NC | ND | OH | OK | OR| PA | RI| SC | SD | TN | TX | UT| VT | VA | WA | WV | WI | WY

 

This page was last updated on February 12, 2014

2014 Institute for Vaccine Safety